MANIFESTO AGAINST THE APOLOGY TO THE CRIME OF TORTURE IN BRAZIL

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In 1964, Brazil experienced a serious coup d’édat lead by the military.  The military coup was supported by right wing groups of society as well as the mainstream media,  especially Globo Television, which is owned by the Marinho family.

The military dictatorship lasted twenty one years and left deep scars in the Brazilian collective consciousness.  During that dark period of Brazilian history, torture was institutionalized and carried out with no reservations by generals and police alike.  Assassinations of political activists who opposed the regime and their subsequent cover up were common practice. Such atrocities took place inside police stations, barracks and private homes. As it has become public recently, this powerful death machine did not spare even babies and children.

The redemocratization of the country will never be complete before each family receives official information about the fate of their missing relatives, even though we know they are unfortunately all dead. Our democracy will not be complete until the “amnesty law,” which protects the state and its agents from any criminal prosecution through a false reconciliation between opponents, is abolished. International human rights organizations have expressed their opposition to this meaningless privilege.

The consequences of the brutal methods employed during the civil-military dictatorship are also visible in the violent behavior of the military police in each of the states of the Federation, especially against the poor and black populations.

One of the most violent torturers of the regime was Colonel Carlos Alberto Brilhante Ustra, who directed the DOI-CODI (Information Operations – Internal Defense Operations Center) between 1970 and 1974.  During this period about two thousand prisoners passed through DOI-CODI’s headquarters in the city of São Paulo. Among them was the current President Dilma Rousseff.

On Sunday, April 17 of 2016, Jair Messias Bolsonaro, a congressman for the extreme right PSC (Christian Social Party), known for his homophobic and misogynist positions, and extreme religious conservatism, honored Ustra’s memory in declaring his vote for the impeachment of Rousseff. He said: “(…) to the memory of Colonel Carlos Alberto Brilhante Ustra, the dread of Dilma Rousseff; to the army of Caxias … [a reference in conservative sectors of the armed forces to his patron, the Duke of Caxias].”

We understand this demonstration as an attack not only to the person of Dilma Rousseff and her position as the commander in chief having been legitimately elected and who is now undergoing an impeachment process without having committed any crime.  We see this demonstration primarily as an attack on all individual and collective constitutional guarantees on which our democratic state of law is based upon, including the declaration of human rights, and the memory of relatives of victims of the dictatorship in Brazil.

We denounce publicly and vehemently this act of apology to the crime of torture carried out in the House of Representatives.

It is perfectly clear what are the forces lined up to drive again a new blow against the Brazilian democracy.

Coletivo Conexões em Luta (São Paulo) / MD18 –Movimento Democrático 18 de Março (Paris) / Coletivo Desbordar (San Francisco)

Manifesto of the collective “Conexões em Luta” (Connections in fight) against the judiciary-media coup and in favor of Brazilian democracy

These are dark times for the Brazilian democracy. About thirty-two years after the transition from the military dictatorship and the resumption of a democratic state, Brazil is currently facing a political turmoil that has called into question the maintenance of democracy. The non-conformity with the 2014 presidential election results, and especially the intense efforts of the elites in search of absolute political control, has weakened the stability of our institutions, which now find themselves co-opted around the interests and privileges of those that have the economic power in our country.

We are not denouncing for the Workers Party’s sake. But, we understand that, despite the undeniable actions aimed at fighting social inequality plaguing Brazil since its colonial period, we believe that the policies followed by this government also brought several setbacks in our political and social context.

However, the current situation demands a deeper reflection. This is not the time to make an analysis of the political program that the government have followed; This is time to protect the democratic rule of law and strengthening the institutions. It is vital to defend our fundamental guarantees and individual freedoms won with the blood, bravery and suffering of the comrades who resisted the twenty-one years of military repression, always having in mind the burning dream of a full democratic regime.

In addition, faced with this serious situation, we emphasize the historical context of Latin America in relation to the coup practices of the right wing sectors that always have been attempting to overthrow legitimate governments. As we know, not only Brazil would face a despotic and autocratic government, but also South America as a whole dominated by the imperialist interests of the Northern capitalist countries, which have articulated and financed coups to prevent progressive advances to combat inequality.

This fight now is the same fight that historically the Latin American people has undertaken in pursuit of overcoming the imperialist exploitation and objectification of our society for the benefit of the economic elite privileges, who do not accept the autonomy that has been built since the overthrow of the autocracies that once dominated the continent.

Moreover, it is for this reason that the minimum sense of community moves us in the repudiation of the coup attempts practiced by sections of the big media and certain political institutions, which are now seeking to legitimize an unsound impeachment process against President Dilma Rousseff. Even if her actions has never been framed in the cases provided for an Impeachment such as “crime of responsibility”, nor she figured as an investigated or defendant in any lawsuits, while much of the commission that will judge for her impeachment in the National Congress have been accused and investigated for several crimes.

It is noticed that the Brazilian media, marked historically by the concentration of the media in family oligopolies of the economic elite (Rede Globo being unquestionably the most representative, held by the Marinho family, historical supporter of the military regime), now leads an attack to the political stability of the country, driven by vested interests of sectors of society who wish to dismiss, at any cost, the Workers Party.

To do so, they use a blatant manipulation of information with huge national weight in order to maneuvering the public opinion to the direction more favorable to their interests. Journalistic covers are marked by a tendentious speech, that are not committed to the “inform function” that should guide the performance of their activity. This is due both by the surmounted coverage of demonstrations in favor of dismissal of the president as the low profile coverage of the acts in defense of the democratic order.

Such arrangements then took even more serious contours in recent weeks when the Federal judge of the 13th Federal Court of the Judiciary Section of Curitiba-PR, Sérgio Moro, decided to break the procedural confidentiality of the records of the investigation brought against the former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, in which there were several phone recording done by the judiciary determination to break the privacy of phone conversations.

Thus, private phone calls involving Lula and Ministers of State, senators, lawyers and even involving the very President of the Republic, were freely disseminated, paving the way for early social judgment of such words, contrary to the impartial conduct of due process and protection of private life.

Moreover, we must emphasize that in addition to the patent illegality of the disclosure of private phone calls, it is inconceivable that in a legally organized country around a Federal Constitution, phone calls involving the Head of State were announced on national television without her being investigated and with no determination of the Supreme Court. There is therefore an attack on the Presidency itself, invaluable institution for the democratic harmony.

It also must be said that the disclosure of the recordings took place on the day when the Presidency announced the appointment of the former President Lula as the new head of the presidential secretariat. Which immediately caused a political and social upheaval, with very serious consequences for the operation of the country. In a sudden movement of the opposition sectors to this appointment, it draws attention the injunction issued by the federal judge of the 4th Federal Court of the Judiciary Section of the Federal District, Itagiba Catta Preta Neto, which suspended Lula’s nomination for this government position.

Such arbitrary acts were not taken into account, which characterizes the judiciary and the media coup that occurs in the country.

In this scenario of illegalities and biases analysis, the population sees the complete collapse of fundamental principles such as due process, the presumption of innocence and the inviolability of private life, replaced now by a judiciary-media driving riddled vested in interests that undermines the republican values that should guide the nation.

Thus, there is no doubt that the democratic stability of Brazil, recent reclaimed, is threatened once again and a coup is being engineered by sectors of the media and the judiciary. We are protesting because we believe that the democracy dreamed by past generations must be preserved with the courage to thwart these attempts against the power that was given to the people and for the people.

In view of this, recognizing the predatory nature that takes place in the relationship between the public and private sectors in Brazil, we agreed that all forms of usurpation of public interest should be fought against. However, this exercise should not be given without the knowledge of constitutional parameters, and should not be focused on not purposeful guidelines, that do not take into account the complex relationship of institutional powers and the private sector, let alone without recognizing the Brazilian profound social and economic inequality.

Such questions, because they are not restricted only to the national situation, should be thought broadly, especially in regard of Latin American region, where inequality, exploitation, and predatory practices of the private sector are an indelible mark in our common history.

Therefore, we seek a reflection from the left wing point of view, which is based in the fight for social justice and equality with proposals that really should lead to end structural and systemic ills, arousing from the corrupt context that concentrates in the hands of a few the power that belong to all of us.

Translate by Vicente Jabur de Souza e Silva (member of the communist party of Brazil – PCdoB)

 

Manifesto of the collective “Conexões em Luta” (Connections in fight) against the judiciary-media coup and in favor of Brazilian democracy

These are dark times for the Brazilian democracy. About thirty-two years after the transition from the military dictatorship and the resumption of a democratic state, Brazil is currently facing a political turmoil that has called into question the maintenance of democracy. The non-conformity with the 2014 presidential election results, and especially the intense efforts of the elites in search of absolute political control, has weakened the stability of our institutions, which now find themselves co-opted around the interests and privileges of those that have the economic power in our country.

We are not denouncing for the Workers Party’s sake. But, we understand that, despite the undeniable actions aimed at fighting social inequality plaguing Brazil since its colonial period, we believe that the policies followed by this government also brought several setbacks in our political and social context.

However, the current situation demands a deeper reflection. This is not the time to make an analysis of the political program that the government have followed; This is time to protect the democratic rule of law and strengthening the institutions. It is vital to defend our fundamental guarantees and individual freedoms won with the blood, bravery and suffering of the comrades who resisted the twenty-one years of military repression, always having in mind the burning dream of a full democratic regime.

In addition, faced with this serious situation, we emphasize the historical context of Latin America in relation to the coup practices of the right wing sectors that always have been attempting to overthrow legitimate governments. As we know, not only Brazil would face a despotic and autocratic government, but also South America as a whole dominated by the imperialist interests of the Northern capitalist countries, which have articulated and financed coups to prevent progressive advances to combat inequality.

latinos

This fight now is the same fight that historically the Latin American people has undertaken in pursuit of overcoming the imperialist exploitation and objectification of our society for the benefit of the economic elite privileges, who do not accept the autonomy that has been built since the overthrow of the autocracies that once dominated the continent.

Moreover, it is for this reason that the minimum sense of community moves us in the repudiation of the coup attempts practiced by sections of the big media and certain political institutions, which are now seeking to legitimize an unsound impeachment process against President Dilma Rousseff. Even if her actions has never been framed in the cases provided for an Impeachment such as “crime of responsibility”, nor she figured as an investigated or defendant in any lawsuits, while much of the commission that will judge for her impeachment in the National Congress have been accused and investigated for several crimes.

It is noticed that the Brazilian media, marked historically by the concentration of the media in family oligopolies of the economic elite (Rede Globo being unquestionably the most representative, held by the Marinho family, historical supporter of the military regime), now leads an attack to the political stability of the country, driven by vested interests of sectors of society who wish to dismiss, at any cost, the Workers Party.

To do so, they use a blatant manipulation of information with huge national weight in order to maneuvering the public opinion to the direction more favorable to their interests. Journalistic covers are marked by a tendentious speech, that are not committed to the “inform function” that should guide the performance of their activity. This is due both by the surmounted coverage of demonstrations in favor of dismissal of the president as the low profile coverage of the acts in defense of the democratic order.

Such arrangements then took even more serious contours in recent weeks when the Federal judge of the 13th Federal Court of the Judiciary Section of Curitiba-PR, Sérgio Moro, decided to break the procedural confidentiality of the records of the investigation brought against the former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, in which there were several phone recording done by the judiciary determination to break the privacy of phone conversations.

Thus, private phone calls involving Lula and Ministers of State, senators, lawyers and even involving the very President of the Republic, were freely disseminated, paving the way for early social judgment of such words, contrary to the impartial conduct of due process and protection of private life.

Moreover, we must emphasize that in addition to the patent illegality of the disclosure of private phone calls, it is inconceivable that in a legally organized country around a Federal Constitution, phone calls involving the Head of State were announced on national television without her being investigated and with no determination of the Supreme Court. There is therefore an attack on the Presidency itself, invaluable institution for the democratic harmony.

It also must be said that the disclosure of the recordings took place on the day when the Presidency announced the appointment of the former President Lula as the new head of the presidential secretariat. Which immediately caused a political and social upheaval, with very serious consequences for the operation of the country. In a sudden movement of the opposition sectors to this appointment, it draws attention the injunction issued by the federal judge of the 4th Federal Court of the Judiciary Section of the Federal District, Itagiba Catta Preta Neto, which suspended Lula’s nomination for this government position.

Such arbitrary acts were not taken into account, which characterizes the judiciary and the media coup that occurs in the country.
In this scenario of illegalities and biases analysis, the population sees the complete collapse of fundamental principles such as due process, the presumption of innocence and the inviolability of private life, replaced now by a judiciary-media driving riddled vested in interests that undermines the republican values that should guide the nation.

Thus, there is no doubt that the democratic stability of Brazil, recent reclaimed, is threatened once again and a coup is being engineered by sectors of the media and the judiciary. We are protesting because we believe that the democracy dreamed by past generations must be preserved with the courage to thwart these attempts against the power that was given to the people and for the people.

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In view of this, recognizing the predatory nature that takes place in the relationship between the public and private sectors in Brazil, we agreed that all forms of usurpation of public interest should be fought against. However, this exercise should not be given without the knowledge of constitutional parameters, and should not be focused on not purposeful guidelines, that do not take into account the complex relationship of institutional powers and the private sector, let alone without recognizing the Brazilian profound social and economic inequality.

Such questions, because they are not restricted only to the national situation, should be thought broadly, especially in regard of Latin American region, where inequality, exploitation, and predatory practices of the private sector are an indelible mark in our common history.

Therefore, we seek a reflection from the left wing point of view, which is based in the fight for social justice and equality with proposals that really should lead to end structural and systemic ills, arousing from the corrupt context that concentrates in the hands of a few the power that belong to all of us.

Translate by Vicente Jabur de Souza e Silva (member of the communist party of Brazil – PCdoB)

Os EUA e sua guerra midiática contra os líderes da América Latina (Parte I)

Em dezembro do ano passado o jornalista venezuelano José Vicente Rangel, falou em seu programa de televisão como o Pentágono criou um Centro de Assistência Internacional para a Mídia (em inglês Center for International Media Assistance – CIMA) que está espalhando desinformação sobre a Venezuela. Centros especializados, tais como CIMA também vão atrás de outros governos que Washington enxergam como “intragáveis”.

Também assistimos recentemente o presidente do Equador, Rafael Correa, falar em um de seus discursos semanais sobre o como seu governo está sendo atacado via redes sociais. Que são agora a principal plataforma para a guerra midiática.

Porém, uma lei referente a grande mídia tem sido aplicada no Equador desde junho de 2013, que tem um grande potencial de limitar qualquer campanha com potencial hostil, incluindo até “divulgações” que tem como objetivo gerar instabilidade no país. É a secretaria de informação e comunicação, que monitora e da assistência ao trabalho da mídia, que é responsável pela aplicação dessa lei.

O código Penal do Equador inclui agora um capítulo intitulado “Crimes associados com transgressões da mídia de massa”, que decreta que os editores e editoras são responsáveis pela publicação de materiais difamatórios ou ofensivos. O Equador é provavelmente o único país da América Latina que conseguiu definir alguma orientação sensata para o trabalho da mídia.

Atualmente o hemisfério ocidental está sendo inundado por uma maré de “divulgações” onde figuram nomes de políticos que estão sendo atacados por Washington.

aguila-terror

Aparentemente a CIA e a NSA estão seguindo um plano abrangente destinado a obter muitas figuras influentes depostas e processadas.

Materiais comprometedores sobre Nicolás Maduro, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, Dilma Rousseff, Cristina Kirchner e Evo Morales estão sendo expostos por agências de inteligência norte-americanos em “uma tacada só”. Tais materiais são usados por grupos pró Estados Unidos que tem como objetivo desestabilizar países como a Venezuela, Brasil, Argentina e Bolívia. Esse tipo de “divulgação” é focado principalmente em líderes que rejeitaram a doutrina neoliberal, e que buscaram reformas sociais que beneficiaram diversos extratos da população.

No Brasil, um escândalo se desenrola sobre a questão complicada de lavagem de dinheiro envolvendo a principal estatal do país, Petrobrás, e corrupção, bem como a utilização de receitas não declaradas para financiar as campanhas eleitorais do Partido dos Trabalhadores. O ex-presidente Lula da Silva (2003-2010) foi detido por várias horas e interrogado por um investigador, uma vez que é acusado de aceitar subornos da empresa Petrobrás.

Especificamente, Lula foi intimado a explicar com que dinheiro ele comprou um apartamento que de acordo com os investigadores pertencia a ele em segredo. Além dele outros sessenta políticos brasileiros, governadores, e empresários estão envolvidos de forma direta ou indireta com o caso. Essa investigação lança uma sombra sobre Dilma Rousseff, atual presidente do país. Uma vez que mídia de oposição no Brasil, sob o controle da empresa Rede Globo, afirma que Rousseff presidiu o conselho de administração da Petrobrás no momento em que esses esquemas de corrupção começaram a florescer.

Segundo os investigadores, os contratos assinados pelos principais diretores da estatal eram feitos tendo em conta que uma percentagem do valor desses contratos fosse repassada a eles em forma de propina. No centro dessa “cruzada” contra Dilma está Aécio Neves, senador brasileiro e recente rival de Dilma nas eleições presidenciais de 2014. É importante mencionar que ele também é um visitante regular da embaixada americana. E que seu acordo para colaborar com os americanos ainda está em vigor, portanto, muito dos dossiês e materiais produzidos pela NSA sobre Lula e Dilma foram colocados à disposição de Neves, seu círculo de apoiadores, tribunais brasileiros e agências governamentais. Além disso, veículos de informação pertencentes a rede Globo, forneceram uma extensa cobertura destes materiais. Como resultado, índices de aprovação da presidenta Dilma caíram e sua coalizão de nove partidos, com a força do povo, se desintegrou. Isto foi em grande parte devido ao fato de que alguns dos membros do Partido dos Trabalhadores eram de fato vulneráveis as acusações.

Isso acarretou uma série de problemas sérios para o Brasil. O ex-ministro da Fazenda do Brasil, Luiz Carlos Bresser-Pereira, afirmou, “Inesperadamente, surgiu um ódio coletivo por parte dos estratos superiores da sociedade – os ricos – contra o partido e a presidenta. Não foi ansiedade ou medo, mas ódio. Ódio, porque, pela primeira vez, temos um governo de centro-esquerda que se manteve de esquerda. Apesar de todos os compromissos, não mudou. Esse ódio acontece, porque o governo tem demonstrado uma forte preferência para os trabalhadores e os pobres”.

Além disso, informações sensíveis sobre parentes próximos são geradas se nenhuma justificação para atacar um político que agentes norte-americanos decidiram vitimizar. É isso que os promotores da DEA, CIA, e dos Estados Unidos estão fazendo com os sobrinhos de Cilia Flores, a esposa do presidente Maduro. Esses jovens foram presos pela polícia no Haiti e entregues para os EUA sob a acusação de conspiração de importar cocaína para os Estados Unidos. Vai levar tempo para provar que eles foram enquadrados por agentes da DEA que forjaram os incidentes para prender os seus alvos em negócios ilegais, com isso a campanha de propaganda contra a família do presidente Maduro já está em pleno andamento. De acordo com Cilia Flores, os advogados dos acusados vão provar que neste incidente, os agentes da DEA na Venezuela têm cometido crimes.

A continuar…

Texto de Nil Nikandrov | 04.04.2016
Tradução de Vicente Jabur de Souza e Silva (membro do Partido Comunista do Brasil – PCdoB) – 07/04/2016
Link original da matéria: http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2016/04/04/the-us-media-war-against-leaders-latin-america-i.html
Glossário de Siglas:
NSA – Agência de Segurança Nacional (em inglês: National Security Agency – NSA) é a agência de segurança dos Estados Unidos, criada em 4 de novembro de 1952 com funções relacionadas a Inteligência de sinais (SIGINT), incluindo interceptação e criptoanálise. Também é um dos órgãos estadunidense dedicados a proteger as comunicações americanas. A NSA é parte do Departamento de Defesa dos Estados Unidos.
DEA – A Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA; em tradução livre, Órgão para o Controle/Combate das Drogas) é um órgão de polícia federal do Departamento de Justiça dos Estados Unidos encarregado da repressão e controle de narcóticos.
CIA – A Central Intelligence Agency (lit. “Agência Central de Inteligência”, em inglês), mais conhecida pela sigla CIA, é uma agência de inteligência civil do governo dos Estados Unidos responsável por investigar e fornecer informações de segurança nacional para os senadores daquele país. A CIA também se engaja em atividades secretas, a pedido do presidente dos Estados Unidos.